The role of national innovation system in increasing competitiveness of small innovative enterprises in Russia
Struzhanov, Mikhail (2016)
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Nowadays, Russian economy encounters a large amount of structural issues, impeding economic growth and depriving country’s ability to respond effectively to emerging challenges. The most appropriate way to ensure sustainable development is to develop new economic strategy, implying the shift to the innovative development path. It is thought that the key role should be played by small innovative enterprises (SIE), designed to perform tasks to strengthen international scientific and technical cooperation and increase the country's competitiveness based on the development, adoption and implementation of innovations. Therefore, the support of the SIE should be a priority of the state policy, implying the creation of an effective national innovation system (NIS), i.e. a set of interrelated entities and institutions whose activities are aimed at encouraging and supporting innovation. This thesis provides an analysis on the problem of SIE interaction with elements of Russian NIS. The research implements the case study of two SIE from composite materials industry. Based on the obtained results, it is possible to conclude that Russian NIS is spending huge amounts of resources for the financing of small innovative businesses. However, this approach does not always lead to an increase of their competitiveness. Instead of gratuitous cash infusions it is better to create favorable conditions for business development. The study results into a list of recommendations, which could be exploited by the corresponding authorities in order to improve current efficiency of Russian NIS.