Global biomass trade for energy – Part 1: Statistical and methodological considerations
Proskurina, Svetlana; Junginger, Martin; Heinimö, Jussi; Vakkilainen, Esa (2017)
Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
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Many countries have limited, low-cost biomass resources to satisfy their own demand for bioenergy. International trade of biomass in various solid and liquid forms is consequently increasing. The aim of this study is to present a quantitative overview of the development of international biomass trade for energy purposes, including a discussion of methodological issues. The paper focuses on the production, export, and import of solid and liquid biofuels, including industrial roundwood, wood chips, fuel wood, wood pellets, biodiesel, and bioethanol. The study highlights changes in trends that have occurred over the past decade. Trade on global bioenergy markets is increasing: total trade of biomass for energy purposes is estimated as having increased twofold from around 780 PJ in 2004 to 1250 PJ in 2015. Despite the importance of the bioenergy market and the growth of biomass trade for energy, accurate evaluation of energy-related biomass trade faces several methodological challenges, such as uncertainties in international statistics, inconsistent data regarding export and import volumes, as well as limited information about the final use of traded products.
Proskurina, S., Junginger, M., Heinimö, J., and Vakkilainen, E. (2017). Global biomass trade for energy - Part 1: Statistical and methodological considerations. Biofuel, Bioprod. & Bioref.