Potentiometric titration as a method of determining the stoichiometric dissociation constants of weak acids from the thermodynamic dissociation constants of aqueous solutions at 298.15 K
Juusola, Pekka (1999)
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Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, Chemical Technology SeriesURN:ISSN:1239-0518
The simple single-ion activity coefficient equation originating from the Debye-Hückel theory was used to determine the thermodynamic and stoichiometric dissociation constants of weak acids from data concerning galvanic cells. Electromotive force data from galvanic cells without liquid junctions, which was obtained from literature, was studied in conjuction with the potentiometric titration data relating to aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. The dissociation constants of weak acids could be determined by the presented techniques and almost all the experimental data studied could be interpreted within the range of experimental error. Potentiometric titration has been used here and the calculation methods were developed to obtain the thermodynamic and stoichiometric dissociation constants of some weak acids in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. The ionic strength of titrated solutions were adjusted using an inert electrolyte, namely, sodium or potassium chloride. Salt content alonedetermines the ionic strength. The ionic strength of the solutions studied varied from 0.059 mol kg-1 to 0.37 mol kg-1, and in some cases up to 1.0 mol kg-1. The following substances were investigated using potentiometric titration: aceticacid, propionic acid, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid and bis(2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopropanol) amine.
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