Optimizing nozzle flow in laser cutting
Hietanen, Tero (2001)
Aineistoon ei liity tiedostoja.
The purpose of this study was to investigate different laser cutting nozzles, nozzle flows and possibilities to improve nozzle flow. Another goal was to design new nozzle configuration in which laser cutting would succeed with better cutting speed and smaller gas consumption. Nozzles and nozzle flows were studied with various methods. Computational fluid dynamics was used to calculate old, convergent nozzles and new convergent-divergent nozzles. Measurement apparatus was used to measure both nozzle types. In cutting tests different materials were cut with new nozzles. With the use of design convergent-divergent nozzles 25 % better cutting speed and 33 % smaller gas consumption were achieved when cutting quality was good. Computational fluid dynamics was also discovered to be useful aid in nozzle design.