Recovery of Hemicelluloses from Wood Hydrolysates by Membrane Filtration
Mohammad, AL_Manasrah (2008)
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Hemicelluloses are among the most important natural resources that contain polysaccharides. In this study the separation and purification of hemicelluloses from water extraction liquors containing wood hemicelluloses, lignin compounds and monosaccharide by using membrane filtration was investigated. The isolation of the hemicelluloses from the wood hydrolysates was performed in two steps: concentration of high molar mass hemicelluloses by ultrafiltration and separation of low molar mass hemicelluloses from monomeric sugars using tight ultrafiltration membranes. The purification of the retained hemicelluloses was performed by diafiltration. During the filtration experiments, the permeate flux through ultrafiltration and tight ultrafiltration membranes was relatively high. The fouling ability of the used membranes was relatively low. In our experiments, the retention of hemicelluloses using two filtration steps was almost complete. The separation of monosaccharides from hemicelluloses was relatively high and the purification of hemicelluloses by diafiltration was highly efficient. The separation of lignin from hemicelluloses was partially achieved. Diafiltration showed potential to purify retained hemicelluloses from lignin and other organics. The best separation of lignin from hemicelluloses in the first filtration step was obtained using the UC005 membrane. The GE-5 and ETNA01PP membranes showed potential to purify and separate lignin from hemicelluloses. However, the feed solution of the second filtration stages (from different ultrafiltration membranes) affected the permeate flux and the separation of various extracted compounds from hemicelluloses. The GE-5 and ETNA01PP membranes gave the efficient purification of the hemicelluloses when using diafiltration. Separation of degraded xylan from glucomannan (primary spruce hemicelluloses) was also possible using membrane filtration. The best separation was achieved using the GE-5 membrane. The retention of glucomannan was three times higher than xylan retention.