Study of mesoscopic tunnel junctions between two normal metals
Savelyev, Alexander (2010)
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The main purpose of this work was to study different kinds of metal-based tunnel junctions at low temperatures. The problem which had to be solved was creating a junction with appropriate properties at these temperatures. The materials for junctions were found experimentally. The goal was to find an alloy material that can provide a high quality tunnel junction, which remains in the normal conductive state at low temperatures without applying magnetic field. The fabrication technology of such a device, based on an alloy of aluminium and manganese, is described in detail. In this thesis theoretical properties of tunnel junctions are considered and results of experiments with tunnel junctions are described and quantitative properties of the junctions are analyzed based on the experimental data.