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Hydrothermal carbonization of coniferous biomass: Effect of process parameters on mass and energy yields
Hydrothermal carbonization of biomass presents a promising way to improve fuel characteristics of biomass without preliminary drying. In this process, feedstock is subjected to heating with water at temperatures between ...
Shell-and-tube heat exchanger optimization - impact of problem formulation and cost function
The design optimization of shell-and-tube heat exchangers (STHEs) is studied.Impact of using standard lengths and shell diameters is investigated, and two types of cost function are compared: a simple area-based correlation ...
Effect of heat integration method and torrefaction temperature on the performance of an integrated CHP-torrefaction plant
An important factor for industrial-scale implementation of torrefaction – a thermal pre-treatment technology that enhances the fuel characteristics of biomass – is the requirement for a low-cost source of heat energy. ...
Integration of torrefaction and CHP plant: Operational and economic analysis
Biomass torrefaction is a pre-treatment technology with high potential to convert biomass into a valuable commodity. The heat integration of torrefaction and combined heat and power (CHP) plant was investigated in previous ...