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Probabilistic Forecasting of Battery Energy Storage State-of-Charge under Primary Frequency Control
Multi-service market optimization of battery energy storage system (BESS) requires assessing the forecasting uncertainty arising from coupled resources and processes. For the primary frequency control (PFC), which is one ...
Multi-Timescale Forecasting of Battery Energy Storage State-of-Charge under Frequency Containment Reserve for Normal Operation
Forecasting the state-of-charge changes of battery energy storage, anticipated from a provision of different services, can facilitate planning of its market participation strategy and leverage the maximum potential of its ...