Security in multicast communication
Ihatsu, Janne-Pekka (2003)
Aineistoon ei liity tiedostoja.
Multicast is one method to transfer information in IPv4 based communication. Other methods are unicast and broadcast. Multicast is based on the group concept where data is sent from one point to a group of receivers and this remarkably saves bandwidth. Group members express an interest to receive data by using Internet Group Management Protocol and traffic is received by only those receivers who want it. The most common multicast applications are media streaming applications, surveillance applications and data collection applications. There are many data security methods to protect unicast communication that is the most common transfer method in Internet. Popular data security methods are encryption, authentication, access control and firewalls. The characteristics of multicast such as dynamic membership cause that all these data security mechanisms can not be used to protect multicast traffic. Nowadays the protection of multicast traffic is possible via traffic restrictions where traffic is allowed to propagate only to certain areas. One way to implement this is packet filters. Methods tested in this thesis are MVR, IGMP Filtering and access control lists which worked as supposed. These methods restrict the propagation of multicast but are laborious to configure in a large scale. There are also a few manufacturerspecific products that make possible to encrypt multicast traffic. These separate products are expensive and mainly intended to protect video transmissions via satellite. Investigation of multicast security has taken place for several years and the security methods that will be the results of the investigation are getting ready. An IETF working group called MSEC is standardizing these security methods. The target of this working group is to standardize data security protocols for multicast during 2004.