The role of science technology parks in creation of networking framework between elements of national innovation system and business in Russia
Bogucharskaya, Anna (2018)
School of Engineering Science, Tuotantotalous
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This master thesis paper investigates the National Innovation System (NIS) in Russia and examines the principles of functioning of science technology parks (STPs). The author describes the main theories of STPs’ development and reflects their connection with all stakeholders of NIS. The implementation of innovations and functioning of NIS in Russia is investigated through the research of the “Technopark Strogino” and the “Technopolis Moscow” cases. The author conducts interviews in order to cover all possible issues concerning obstacles of innovation development in Russia and reflect perspectives of the National Innovation System. The results show the importance of STPs’ cooperation with Government, Academia and Industry, the synergy of this cooperation and strategies for the effective creation of networking environment. The study shows a low level of interaction of NIS and its elements in Russia. This is due to the fact that existing STPs in Russia are of the first and second generations: these types of STPs employ conventional methods of work and rarely utilize modern digital solutions for the organizing interaction with Government, Academia and Industry, such as the creation of virtual technology parks and specialized platforms for the implementation of this interaction.