Freelancing on digital work platforms – roles of virtual community trust and work engagement on person–job fit
Toth, Ilona; Heinänen, Sanna; Blomqvist, Kirsimarja (2020-08-17)
Post-print / Final draft
VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems
School of Business and Management
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of virtual community trust on work engagement and person–job fit in the context of digital work platforms. The emergence of the platform economy is changing the work environment fundamentally. It has enabled the appearance of alternative work arrangements, such as temporary organizing and the increase of independent contracting, also among highly specialized knowledge workers.
Data were collected with an online survey and used to test the relationships between virtual community trust, work engagement and person–job fit. Confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling were used to test the goodness of a theoretical model.
Based on the data of 127 experts contracting on digital work platforms, virtual community trust positively affects both work engagement and person–job fit. In addition, the relationship between work engagement and person–job fit in the context of digital work platforms is significant and positive.
This study shows that trust among independent contractors working on digital platforms is important for work engagement and that platform providers can improve work performance through person–job fit by assisting in the creation of trust among members of their platforms.
The research literature on knowledge work in the changing context of work is scarce, and the role of trust in the context of digital work platforms needs clarification. This paper tests a theoretical model on the effects of trust among highly skilled experts working in the digital platform context as independent contractors and provides evidence for the importance of building trust among members of a virtual work community.
Toth, I., Heinänen, S., Blomqvist, K. (2020). Freelancing on digital work platforms – roles of virtual community trust and work engagement on person–job fit. VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems. DOI: 10.1108/VJIKMS-12-2018-0124
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