Application of digital twins for maintenance in the gas and oil sector
Levaniuk, Daria (2022)
School of Engineering Science, Tietotekniikka
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The process of digitalization comes to all spheres of human activity including industrial production. One of the digital transformation tools is the digital twin which helps to collect data, process, and thereby analyse the production process or equipment state and simulate various outcomes of optimal scenarios. Keeping expensive equipment running without interruption or shutdown significantly saves resources and costs, increasing the efficiency of operational processes. This raises the relevance of this topic and attracts the attention of stakeholders in the oil and gas sector. This paper is based on a review of scientific sources and gives the concept of equipment maintenance, also discusses about the impact of digital twins in this area, and the advantages and disadvantages of using modern technology when switching from the old one. Positive application prospects face some difficulties that can be overcome with an awareness of the implementation steps, the company process and role methodology, and the integration aspect of the architecture. According to theoretical background, the study work provides a business case for visualizing the possible use of digital twins. A real example can help to understand how technology can be implemented in the company with certain characteristics. The importance of the study lies in assessing the economic utility and evaluating operational benefits for company. As a result of the work, open questions and directions for further research were identified.