Calculation of Activity Coefficients of Electrolytes of Other Charge Types than 1-1 by Equations Containing No Adjustable Parameters in Aqueous Solutions at 25 0C
Partanen, Jaakko I. (2000)
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Partanen, Jaakko I.
Normally either the Güntelberg or Davies equation is used to predict activity coefficients of electrolytes in dilute solutions when no betterequation is available. The validity of these equations and, additionally, of the parameter-free equation used in the Bates-Guggenheim convention for activity coefficients were tested with experimentally determined activity coefficients of LaCl3, CaCl2, SrCl2 and BaCl2 in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. The experimentalactivity coefficients of these electrolytes can be usually reproduced within experimental error by means of a two-parameter equation of the Hückel type. The best Hückel equations were also determined for all electrolytes considered. The data used in the calculations of this study cover almost all reliable galvanic cell results available in the literature for the electrolytes considered. The results of the calculations reveal that the parameter-free activity coefficient equations can only be used for very dilute electrolyte solutions in thermodynamic studies