Lossless compression of hyperspectral images
Mielikäinen, Jarno (2003)
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Acta Universitatis LappeenrantaensisISSN:1456-4491
Technological progress has made a huge amount of data available at increasing spatial and spectral resolutions. Therefore, the compression of hyperspectral data is an area of active research. In somefields, the original quality of a hyperspectral image cannot be compromised andin these cases, lossless compression is mandatory. The main goal of this thesisis to provide improved methods for the lossless compression of hyperspectral images. Both prediction- and transform-based methods are studied. Two kinds of prediction based methods are being studied. In the first method the spectra of a hyperspectral image are first clustered and and an optimized linear predictor is calculated for each cluster. In the second prediction method linear prediction coefficients are not fixed but are recalculated for each pixel. A parallel implementation of the above-mentioned linear prediction method is also presented. Also,two transform-based methods are being presented. Vector Quantization (VQ) was used together with a new coding of the residual image. In addition we have developed a new back end for a compression method utilizing Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Integer Wavelet Transform (IWT). The performance of the compressionmethods are compared to that of other compression methods. The results show that the proposed linear prediction methods outperform the previous methods. In addition, a novel fast exact nearest-neighbor search method is developed. The search method is used to speed up the Linde-Buzo-Gray (LBG) clustering method.
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