Odor emission control and reduce in betaine manufacture
Mäkelä, Mika Kristian (2003)
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Mäkelä, Mika Kristian
This thesis was made in Naantali plant of Finnfeeds Finland Oy. In this thesis the main study was in reducing, controlling, measuring and processing odour effluents in various methods. Also are considered legislation, marketing issues and environmental requirements of reducing of odour effluents. The literature review introduces odours complications, legislations and various methods of odour removal. There is also a review of volatile organic compounds detection and measuring methods. The experimental section consists TD-GC-MS-measurements and expansive measurements with electronic nose. Electronic nose is a new solution for recognition and measuring industrial odours. In this thesis the electronic nose was adapted into reliable recognition and measuring method. Measurements with electronic nose was made in betaine factory and main targets were odour removal process and other odours from factory. As a result of experimental work with TD-GC-MS-measurements becomes odour compound of 2-and 3- methylbutanal and dimethyldisulfide, which odour is sweet and fug. Extensive study with electronic nose found many developmental subjects. Odour balance measurements of factory and after calculation made adjustment of odour removal process, over all odour effluent to environment will reduce 25 %.