Modular desalination concept with low-pressure reverse osmosis and capacitive deionization: Performance study of a pilot plant in Vietnam in comparison to seawater reverse osmosis
Luong, Vu; Cañas Kurz, Edgardo E.; Hellriegel, Ulrich; Dinh, Duc N.; Tran, Hang T.; Figoli, Alberto; Gabriele, Bartolo; Tran, L. Luu; Hoinkis, Jan (2022-12-24)
Sisältö avataan julkiseksi: 25.12.2024
Post-print / Final draft
Cañas Kurz, Edgardo E.
Dinh, Duc N.
Tran, Hang T.
Tran, L. Luu
Journal of Environmental Management
School of Engineering Science
Julkaisun pysyvä osoite on
Membrane capacitive deionization (MCDI) has shown many advances, however, its performance in combination with other treatment technologies has not been widely reported. In this study, a pilot-scale low-pressure reverse osmosis (LPRO) (FilmTec™ XLE-2540) with MCDI (CapDI© C17, Voltea) was developed and tested as a promising modular desalination system. The systems were evaluated individually at different salinities and tested together as a modular system. The study focused in the comparison to conventional seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) (FilmTec™ SW30-2540) at pilot-scale and in theory using the software Water Application Value Engine (WAVE, DuPont™), including a cost evaluation of the systems. Pilot tests were carried out in Can Gio, a riverine estuary region in South Vietnam, which is affected by progressive salinization (TDS ≈ 1–25 g/L). Drinking water quality (TDS < 600 mg/L) was achieved with a specific energy consumption (SEC) of 5.2 kWh/m³. Additionally, fouling mitigation was investigated for the ultrafiltration (UF) pre-treatment by periodic hydraulic and chemical enhanced backwashing. While the SWRO had a slightly lower SEC of 5.0 kWh/m³, WAVE calculations showed that lowering the SEC to 3.6 kWh/m³ is possible by improving the LPRO pump design and an optimization of the MCDI operation.
Luong, V. T., Cañas Kurz, E. E., Hellriegel, U., Dinh, D. N., Tran, H. T., Figoli, A., Gabriele, B., Tran, L. L., Hoinkis J. (2023). Modular desalination concept with low-pressure reverse osmosis and capacitive deionization: Performance study of a pilot plant in Vietnam in comparison to seawater reverse osmosis. Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 329. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.117078
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